1998, Volume: 4, Number: 1
Contents
BOYACI, A and M.BEYRİBEY. The Evaluation of Water Use Efficiency in Polatla Region for Sugar Beet Areas Abstract
ÇİFTÇİ, V., H. KULAZ and H. Hüseyin GEÇİT. A Research on Relations Among the Characters and Path Coefficient Analysis in Lentil (Lens culinaris L.Medik.) Abstract
ÇİFTÇİ, V. Determination of Phosphorus Requirement of Lentil (Lens culinaris L.Medik) in Van Region Abstract
SÖNMEZ, F and M. ÜLKER. Determination of Promising Lines from Tir Wheat Population Abstract
ARSLAN, O., B. ŞENOL, N. YENİCE and S. MİRİCİ. The Effect of Different Gamma Doses Applied on Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) Seeds on M1 Generation Abstract
YILDIZ. M.A. and E. BAŞPINAR. Commparison of Different Japanese Quail Lines Based on Arylesterase Types Abstract
BENLİ. B. and M. BEYRİBEY. Assessment of Irrigation System Performance in the Right Bank of Eskişehir Irrigation Abstract
GÜLER. M. and G. AKBAY. Effects of Various Irrigation and Nitrogen Applications on Grain Yield of Common Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Abstract
CEDDEN. F., A. KOR, Ş. KÜPLÜLÜ and R. VURAL. Effect of Short-Term Conservation of Ram Semen on the Fertility and Pregnancy Diagnosis by Using Ultrasonsgraphic Method in Estrous Synchronized Akkeçi (White Goat) Breeds Abstract

GÜNER, M. and A.KAFADAR. A Comperative Research on Flywhell and Cylinder Forage Harvesters Abstract

GEZER. İ., E. DURSUN, M. GÜNER and D.ERDOĞAN. Determination of the Relationships Between Stroke Frequency Velocity Acceleration and Shaking Time in Mechanical Harvesting of Apricot Abstract
KAYABAŞI, N. Ligt and Friction Fastness Values of Colours Obtained From Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) Petals Abstract
SARIOĞLU. H. An Investigation of Some Technological Characteristics of Willow (Salıx L.) and Reed (Arfndo donax L.) from Basketwork Raw Materials Abstract
EMRE. E and F. SELENAY. Determination of the Relationships Between Stroke Frequency Velocity Acceleration and Shaking Time in Mechanical Harvesting of Apricot Abstract
 
Abstracts
 

1998, 4 (1) 1-7
The Evaluation of Water Use Efficiency in Polatla Region for Sugar Beet Areas
(Turkish)

Ayşegül BOYACIOĞLU1, Mevlüt BEYRİBEY2
1Institute of Sugar Factory-Etimesgut-Ankara
2 Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Farm Structures and Irrigation-Ankara

This study was carried out at sugar beet growing area in Polatlı region to evaluate water use efficiency. For this purpose field application efficiencey, farmers capability to determine when to irrigate, planning and evaluation of irrigation were investigated. IRSIS computer programme was used in the subjects related to irrigation management. According to the research results, farmers in that region irrigate the soil 7 times in 15 days periods averagely. For each irrigation 140-150 mm of water is given to the soil. The irrigation program prepared optimally is 10-12 days of periods and also irrigation number was increased to 9-11 times. Additionally, the water amount for each irrigation was recommended as 85-90 mm. By this way, during all vegetative period, by decreasing the net 950 mm of water usage to 830 mm, it was found that 120 mm of water economy could be provided.

Key Words: İrrigation performance, monitoring, evaluation, water application efficiency, irrigation management, irrigation scheduling, sugar beet, IRSIS


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1998, 4 (1) 8-11
A Research on Relations Among the Characters and Path Coefficient Analysis in Lentil (Lens culinaris L.Medik.)
(Turkish)

Vahdettin ÇİFTÇİ1, Haluk KULAZ1 and H.Hüseyin GEÇİT2
1Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy-Van
2Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy-Ankara

This research was conducted to determine the correlations among the some traits and the direct and indirect effects of these traits on the seed yield Per decare in lentil. The experiment was conducted out in Yüzüncü Yıl University, Agricultural Faculty's experimental area in 1991, 1992 and 1993. In this study. Kışlık Kırmızı-51, Yerli Kırmızı, Fırat-87, Malazgirt-89, Sultan-1, Erzurum-89,Filp 86-19 C and Alaköy (local cultivar) lentil cultivars were investigated. According to the results obtained froml the correlations among the characters investigated, significant and positive correlations were found between seed yield per decare and seed yield Per plant (r=478**), number of seed Per plant (r=0.450**), number of pods Per plant (r=0.503**) at the level of P<0.01 statistically. Moreover, significant and positive correlation was found also between seed yield Per plant and plant height (r=0.410**), number of primary (r=0.340**) and secondary branches (r=221*), 1000 seed weight (r=0.305**), number of seed per plant (r=0.758**), and number of pods per plant (r=0.691**) at the level of P<0.01 statisticaly. According to the results of path coefficient analysis it was found that number of primary braches, seed yield per plant, and number of pods pen plant were the most important characters for determining the seed yield Per decare in lentil. However, plant height and number of secondary branches Per plant were effective highly and negatively on the seed yield Per decare.

Key Words: Lentil, correlation, Path analysis, yield


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1998, 4 (1) 12-15
Determination of Phosphorus Requirement of Lentil (Lens culinaris L.Medik) in Van Region
(Turkish)

Vahdettin ÇİFTÇİ
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy-Van

This study was conducted in the experimental area of Yüzüncü Yıl University Agricultural Faculty in 1994-1995 and 1995-1996. The trail was arranged in a randomized black design with four replications. In this study five phosphorus levels (0, 2, 4, 6, 8 kg/da P2O5) were examined the effectzs of yield and yield components in lentil. According to the two-year results, all phosphate treatments yielded significantly more than the control. There was an increase on grain yield of lentil up to 6 kg/da phosphorus doses, after this point increase was not significant. The highest grain yield per aera was obtained at the 6 kg/da P2O5 levels as 137,4 kg/da. The lowest grain yield per area was obtained from control as 72.5 kg/da.

Key Words: Lentil, fertilizer, phosphorus


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1998, 4 (1) 16-20
Determination of Promising Lines from Tir Wheat Population
(Turkish)

Fahri SÖNMEZ1 and Mehmet ÜLKER2
1Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy-Çanakkale
2Yüzüncü Yıl University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy-Van

This study was conducted to evaluate lines selected from Tir wheat populations and to determine promising lines in 1993-1997 in Van. For this purpose, 90 lines lines were graded by weighed scaling method according to selection criteria determined for these lines. At the end of the grading, lines having 720 point or above grade were thought as promising ones. As a result, 11 lines were determined to be promising. To obtain more definite results from these lines, stability of lines with Tir wheat in location which head elits were collected must be studied in addition, the effects of fertilization, sowing time and density on yield and quality factors of the lines must be determined.

Key Words: Tir wheat, selection criterioıns, line


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1998, 4 (1) 21-23
The Effect of Different Gamma Doses Applied on Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) Seeds on M1 Generation
(Turkish)

Orhan ARSLAN, Şenol BAL, Nilgün YENİCE and Semra MİRİCİ
Gazi University, Faculty of Egitim,-Ankara

Gamma radiation with different doses of 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 kRad was applied on yellow 85 flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) seeds in this study. The effect of radiation on yield components of M1 generation such as plant height, Per thousand seeds, oil percentage, number of capsules per plant and number of seeds in capsule was investigated. In general, the low doses of radiation were found to be much effective with respect to high radiation doses.

Key Words: Gamma radiation, flax (Linum usitatissimum L), M1 yield and yield components.

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1998, 4 (1) 24-25
Commparison of Different Japanese Quail Lines Based on Arylesterase Types
(Turkish)

Mehmet Ali YILDIZ and Ensar BAŞPINAR
Ankara University, Facult of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science-Ankara

In this study arylesterase types were determined and EsA* phenotypes were high in four different japanese quail lines. Arylesterase system also can be used for comparison of quail populations.

Key Words: Japanese quail, Arylesterase

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1998, 4 (1) 26-32
Assessment of Irrigation System Performance in the Right Bank of Eskişehir Irrigation
(Turkish)

Boğaçhan BENLİ and Mevlüt BEYRİBEY
Ankara University, Facult of Agriculture, Department of Farm Structures and Irrigation-Ankara

The aim of this study is to evaluate irrigation system performance belonging the year 1994 in Eskişehir irrigation. The right bank of Eskişehir irrigation was selected as research area. The indicators which determine the level of water management performance can be grouped in terms of water use, agricultural, economical, social and environmental efficiency. Water supply ratios are 1.58 at tertiary leven and 1.30 at scheme as to gross water requirement. Field application, conveyance, distribution and total irrigation project efficiencies were determined as 65 %, 92 %, 78 % and 46.6 % respectively, Irrigation ratio is 50 % and crop production ratio is 88 %. Thr ratio of financial efficiency, financial sufficiency, water fee collection and sustainable irrigated area were found out as 92 %, 28 %, 60% and 100% respectively in the scheme.

Key Words: Water supply ratio, total irrigation efficiency, crop production ratio, financial efficiency ratio, financial sufficiency ratio, water fee collection, sustainable irrigated area ratio


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1998, 4 (1) 33-41
Effects of Various Irrigation and Nitrogen Applications on Grain Yield of Common Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
(Turkish)

Mustafa GÜLER and Günal AKBAY
Ankara University, Facult of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy-Ankara

The effects of different irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer applications on grain yield of wheat were determined in this research which was carried out at the Experimental Field of the Department of Agronomy and Kenan Evren Research and Application Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ankara during 1993-1995. The seeds of cv. Bezostaja 1, Gerek 79 and Gün 91 were used as material and 0,20 and 40 mm irrigation applications and also 4 kg/da, 6 kg/da and 8 kg/da nitrogen doses were applied. According to the results of this research, significant increases on grain yield were determined ststistically in regard to exceeding nitrogen and irrigation applications. Gerek 79 had the highest grain yield with N2 (6 kg/da N) and N3 (8 kg/da N) nitrogen doses and S2 (40 mm) irrigation applications.

Key Words: Common wheat, Triticum aestivum L., nitrogen fertilizer doses, irrigation application, grain yield


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1998, 4 (1) 42-46
Effect of Short-Term Conservation of Ram Semen on the Fertility and Pregnancy Diagnosis by Using Ultrasonsgraphic Method in Estrous Synchronized Akkeçi (White Goat) Breeds
(Turkish)

Fatin CEDDEN1, Aşkın KOR1, Şükrü KÜPLÜLÜ2 and Rıfat VURAL2
1Ankara University, Facult of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science-Ankara
2Ankara University Faculty of Veterinary-Ankara

The objective of this study is to observe the effect of short term storage and dilution of buck semen on the fertility of White Goats received two injection of PGF2 a analogue with 11 days interval and oxytocin treatment before artificial insemination and, to carry out some ultrasonographic measurements from White Goats (Akkeçi) at the stage 45th and 100th days of pregnancy. Goats were inseminated 65 hours following second PGF2 a analogue. Fresh and dilued semen were used for animals froml the group I. Goats from the group II were inseminated with stored semen at 5oC for 6 hours before dilution 90.48% and 93.33% of estrous, 57.14% and 53.33% of conception rate were observed in the group I and II respectively. The results of ultrasonografic inseption are as follows; the diameter of amnion and the lenght of crown-rump, 49.63+1.72 mm 23.06+0.94 mm for the pregnancy of 45th day, caruncular, orbital and cranial diameters 22.36+1.03 mm, 10.08+0.56 mm and 32.03+0.57 mm for the pregnancy of 100th day.

Key Words: Goat, estrous synchronization, PGF2 a, ultrasonography diagnosis


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1998, 4 (1) 47-51
A Comperative Research on Flywhell and Cylinder Forage Harvesters
(Turkish)

Metin GÜNER and Ali KAFADAR
Ankara University, Facult of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Machinery-Ankara

In this research, a comparison was made of the power consimption, energy comsumption, fuel comsumption, rates of work and the degree of chopping of flywheel and cylindirical forage harvesters. Tests were conducted in maize crop in power and fuel comsumption of flyheel forage harvester are higher than with cylindirical forage harvester. In addition, it has larger degree of chopping and higher energy consumption. The rates of work of the cylindirical forage harvester are greater than flywheel forage harvester because of cutting width.

Key Words: Silage, forage harvesters

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1998, 4 (1) 52-55
Determination of the Relationships Between Stroke Frequency Velocity Acceleration and Shaking Time in Mechanical Harvesting of Apricot
(Turkish)

İbrahim GEZER, Ergin DURSUN, Metin GÜNER and Doğan ERDOĞAN
Ankara University, Facult of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Machinery-Ankara

Shaking time and load repetition number have an impotnatn role on breaking off a fruit from the branch by vibration. Because. These factors affect frequency number required. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationships between shaking time and frequency, stroke, acceleration, velocity. For this purpose, the time to break off the apricot from its branch was determined for different frequency and strokes by laboratory shaker unit. According to the research results, shaking time was decreased with increasing frequency while fixed strok or increasing stroke while fixed frequency. At the same stroke, shaking time was decreased with increasing acceleration. Also, shaking time decreased with increasing shaking velocity for three strokes.

Key Words: Apricot, mechanical harvesting, frequency, stroke, acceleration, velocity, shaking time

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1998, 4 (1) 56-62
Ligt and Friction Fastness Values of Colours Obtained From Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) Petals
(Turkish)

Nuran KAYABAŞI
Ankara UniversityCollege of Home Economics-Ankara

Dying of the wool yarn used for hand woven carpets increased the domestic and froeing market demands. For this reason in recent years the sutudies were carried on the extension and development of dying procedures which were practised locally and nationily, In this research, three varieties and one line developed from both native and foreing safflower variesies. By using this varieties, wool carpet yarns were dyed by dying techiques with in mordant and without mordand and totaly 52 unit dying were performed. Light and friction fassness, which is important for carpets and rugs, of colours obtained were performed and for all safflower varieties light fastness values were found to by respectively 2 to 6, friction fastness values were foun to be respectively 1 to 2 and 4 to 5.

Key Words: Vegetable dyes, safflower (Carthamus tinctorius), light and friction fastness

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1998, 4 (1) 63-68
An Investigation of Some Technological Characteristics of Willow (Salıx L.) and Reed (Arfndo donax L.) from Basketwork Raw Materials
(Turkish)

Halide SARIOĞLU
Gazi University, Facult of Educational-Ankara

In this research, Willow (Salix L.) twings and Reeds (Arundo donax L.) from the most impotnatn raw materials of basketwork were used to determine theirs resistances to enternal effects during daily use. These materials separated five groups (natural, treated with 5 % NaOH and 10 % NaOH, varnished, dyed) These samples were exposed to powers of stroke, strech, press and bend, theirs resistances were determined and the results were evaluated statically. Consequently, the willow twings are more reistant to stroke and bend effects. The reeds are more resistant to stretch and pres effects. Furthermore alkali solutions decrease stroke resistance of the material, anilin dyes decrease press resistance of it. Recommendations were made about protective measures in use.

Key Words: Basketwork, willow, reed, stroke, stretch, press and bend resistances


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1998, 4 (1) 69-76
Determination of the Relationships Between Stroke Frequency Velocity Acceleration and Shaking Time in Mechanical Harvesting of Apricot
(Turkish)

Emel EMRE and M.Fatih SELENAY
Ankara University, Facult of Agriculture, Department of Farm Structures and Irrigation-Ankara

In this study, it was tried to determine dependable rainfail values related to Adana, Antalya, Isparta, Mersin in Mediterranean Region, Kayseri, Nevşehir, Niğde in Central Anatolia Region and Muğla in Aegean Region With meteorological station connected to these cities. Also in this study, by means of a computer 10 - day dependable rainfall data were evaluated with the help of a programme named "GÜVENYAG" developed by the Department of Farm Structures and Irrigation, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara University, and 10 - day dependable rainfall values with 10-90 % probability interval related to each station were computed.

Key Words: Mediterranean Region, Central Natolia Region, Aegean Region, dependable rainfall, GÜVENYAĞ

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