1996, Volume: 2, Number: 3
Contents
YALINKILIÇ M. K., E. BAYSAL and Z. DEMİRCİ, Effects of Parameters of Some Growing Place on Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Sing) Yield Abstract
TOPÇUOĞLU, B., Y. KASAP, M. ALPASLAN and R. YALÇIN, Some Plant Nutrient Contents of Orchid Plant Grown in Natural Flora, and Some Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Orchid Grown Soils in Kahramanmaraş Abstract
TOPÇUOĞLU, B., M. ALPASLAN, R. YALÇIN and Y. KASAP, Effects of Folia CaCI2 Aplication on the Oxalic Acid, Nitrate, Organic Fixed Nitrogen and Calcium Contents in Different Forms of Nitrogen Fertilized Spinach Plant Abstract
GÜRBÜZ, B. and A. GÜMÜŞÇÜ, Effect of Different Gibberellic Acid Doses and Treatment Times on Seed Germination of Woolly Foxglove (Digitalis lanata Ehrh.) Abstract
KASAP, Y., B. TOPÇUOĞLU and R. YALÇIN, Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization on the Growth of Top and Root and Some Plant Nutrient Contents of Red Pepper Plant Abstract
POLATSÜ, Ş., E. BAŞPINAR, M. R. OKUYAN and Ö. F. ALARSLAN, The Effects of the Ration By-Pass Protein Level on Sheep Nutrition I. The Effects of Different Diatary By-Pass Protein Level In Late Pregnancy on Lamb Birth Weight Abstract
POLATSÜ, Ş., E. BAŞPINAR, M. R. OKUYAN and Ö. F. ALARSLAN, The Effects of the Ration by-Pass Protein Level on Sheep Nutrition II. Effects on Growth of Suckling Lambs Abstract
ÇELİK, H., T. ARDALI, H. ÇETİN and R. SUCU, The Effects of Different Mound Materials and Black Plastic Tunnel on Success of Grafted Grapevine Production by Grafted Cuttings Directly Planted in the Nursery Abstract
SÜREK H. and J. VALENTINE, Relationships Among Some Quantitative Traits and Heritablities In Cultivated Oats (Avena sativa L.) Abstract

İNAL, A., S. SÖZÜDOĞRU and D. ERDEN, Composition of Poultry Manure and its Manurial Value Abstract

KÜTÜK, A. C., S. TABAN, B. KACAR and H. SAMET, The Evaluation of the Effects of the Tea Waste, Animal Manure and Various Fertilizers Abstract
BAYRAKTAR, N. and N. KAYABAŞI, Light and Friction Specialities of Colours Obtained From Yellow Flowers of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Abstract
YILMAZ H. A. and N. BAYRAKTAR, The Study on Yield and Yield Component of 12 Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Cultivars Abstract
KAYGISIZ, A. Estimates of Trends Components of Milk Yield of Halstein Cattle Raised at Kahramanmaraş State Farm Abstract
YÜKSEL, M. and O. DENGİZ, Right Coast Land Use Planning of Bafra Plain Abstract
ARPACI K. and M. YÜKSEL, Left Coast Land Use Planning of Bafra Plain Abstract
ERÖZEL, A. Z. and A. ÖZTÜRK, Effects of Irrigation Water Quality and Water Table Depth on Carrot Yield and Soil Salinity Abstract
ÇINKAYA, N. and M. YÜKSEL, Land Use Planning of Çubuk Valley and It"s Surroundings in Ankara Metropolitan Area Abstract
Abstracts
 

1996, 2 (3) 1-6
Effects of Parameters of Some Growing Place on Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Sing) Yield
(Turkish)

M.Kemal YALINKILIÇ, Ergün BAYSAL and Zafer DEMİRCİ
Karadeniz Technical University, Forestry Faculty-Trabzon

Effects of substrate amounts and growth conditions of A.bisporus were investigated in this study. Two different substrate ratios were applied in exclusively eight compost piles which were then filled to different plate types and covered by case material of different types and ratios. Results indicated that at manual composting conditions, substrate amounts to be composted had profound effect on mushroom yield as well as case material and growth environment. In addition, poliuretan foam plate was the superior among three plate types of remained wood and plastic, neverthless in the second trial in which compost amount were almost doubled as substrate, the polyethylene sacks took superiority in term of yield and mushroom harvest in number at each harvest period. On the other hand, Bolu Yeniçağa Turf soil in a mixture with perlit (80:20 %) was the most suitable casing material , and Bolu-Yeniçağa Turf soil was also found having possitive effect in yield properties as increasing its ratio in the mixture through (70:30 %). In conclusion, growth environment and substrate amounts appeared worthy to be studied further at manual composting in particular.

Key Words: agaricus bisporus, compost, yield

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1996, 2 (3) 7-10
Some Plant Nutrient Contents of Orchid Plant Grown in Natural Flora, and Some Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Orchid Grown Soils in Kahramanmaraş Region
(Turkish)

Bülent TOPCUOĞLU1, Yaşar KASAP2, Mehmet ALPASLAN1 and Rıfat YALÇIN1
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Ankara
Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Kahramanmaraş

Some plant nutrient contents of orchid plant (Orchis mascula L.) grown in natural flora and some physical and chemical characteristics of orchid grown soils in Kahramanmaraş region were analysed. It was determined that nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents of above ground part were found to be higher than that of tuber part in orchid plant. Soils generally have sandy clay loam and clay loam texture, low CaCO3, slightly alkaline reaction, low total nitrogen, high plant available phosphorus and, enough and high level of exchangeable potassium. It was also determined that there was a differences between orchid varieties in view of plant nutrient contents.

Key Words: orchid, soil characteristics, mineral contents

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1996, 2 (3) 11-16
Effects of Folia CaCI2 Aplication on the Oxalic Acid, Nitrate, Organic Fixed Nitrogen and Calcium Contents in Different Forms of Nitrogen Fertilized Spinach Plant
(Turkish)

Bülent TOPÇUOĞLU1, Mehmet ALPASLAN1, Rıfat YALÇIN1 and Yaşar KASAP2
1Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Ankara
2Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Kahramanmaraş

Folia applications of CaCI2 to ammonium sulphate and calcium nitrate fertilized spinach plants devreased total and water-soluble oxalic acids and physiological active oxalic acid contents and, increased dry matter extractable chloride and calcium content. Foliar CaCl2 applications devreased nitrate content and "nitrate/organic fixed nitrogen" ratio in ammonium sulphate fertilized spinach plants. No changes were found in nitrate content of calicum nitrate fertilized spinach plants by foliar CaCl2 applications. Plant dry matter, total and water-soluble oxalic acids, physiological active oxalic acid, nitrate and organic fixed nitrogen were increased in spinach plant by applications of ammonium sulphate and calcium nitrate.

Key Words: spinach, nitrogen firtilization, foliar calcium chlorine fertilization, oxalic acid, nitrate, organic fixed nitrogen

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1996, 2 (3) 17-20
Effect of Different Gibberellic Acid Doses and Treatment Times on Seed Germination of Woolly Foxglove (Digitalis lanata Ehrh.)
(Turkish)

Bilal GÜRBÜZ and Ahmet GÜMÜŞÇÜ
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy

This research was carried out at the labrotories of Field Crops Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ankara. Seeds harvested in 1993 from plots of medicinal plants of department were used in the experiments. Seeds were exposed to various levels (50, 100, 150 and 200 ppm) of gibberellic acid (GA3) with two different exposure times (6 and 12h). Results showed that the highest frequency of germination rate was achived during 6h exposure to 200 ppm GA3 (88.50%). No significant differences were observed between treatments of 200 ppm for 12h exposure and 150 ppm for 6 or 12h exposures. With respect to exposure times used, 12h resulted in higher germination rates than 6h. In general, control seeds lacked GA3 treatments appeared to produce higher germination rates than GA3 concentrations of 50 and 100 ppm.

Key Words: woolly foxglove, gibberellic acid, germination rate

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1996, 2 (3) 21-23
Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization on the Growth of Top and Root and Some Plant Nutrient Contents of Red Pepper Plant (
Turkish)

Yaşar KASAP1, Bülent TOPCUOĞLU2 and S. Rıfat YALÇIN2
1Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Agriculture, Departmen of Soil Science-Kahramanmaraş
2Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Ankara

Kahramanmaraş red pepper variety which is used in milled red pepper production was examined with nitrogen fertilization in greenhouse. Nitrogenous fertilizer which is applied to soil in icreasing amounts, increased top and root yields and P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn contents in 25 or 50 ppm N levels, while 100 or 150 ppm N levels decreased this mentioned parameters. Nitrogen content is increased by the application of increasing amounts of nitrogen fertilizer.

Key Words: red pepper, nitrogenous fertilization, vegetative yield, plant nutrient contents.

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1996, 2 (3) 25-28
The Effects of the Ration By-Pass Protein Level on Sheep Nutrition I. The Effects of Different Diatary By-Pass Protein Level In Late Pregnancy on Lamb Birth Weight
(Turkish)

Şafak POLATSÜ, Ensar BAŞPINAR, M. Rıfat OKUYAN and Ö. Faruk ALARSLAN
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science-Ankara

In this study, the effects of the compound feeds containing protein sources having different rumen degradabilities, was determined in late pregnany on lamb birth weight. 18 cross-bred (Akkaraman x Ille de France, akkaraman x Border Leichester and Akkaraman x Lincoln) pregnant ewes were alloted in two groups and were fed individually. Dried alfalfa hay was used as roughage in the rations and given to each ewe in equal quantity (1.1 kg/day). In the concantrate parts of the rations, two different concantrate feed were prepared, one having soybean meal and the other having fish meal as protein source. Concantrate feeds were given to each ewe in varying quantities according to their requrement. At the end of the trial, the effect of the traitment on the lamb birth weight was found significant (P<0.05) in the last week of the late pregnancy.

Key Words: pregnant ewe, lamb birth weight, by-pass protein

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1996, 2 (3) 29-31
The Effects of the Ration by-Pass Protein Level on Sheep Nutrition II. Effects on Growth of Suckling Lambs
(Turkish)

Şafak POLATSÜ, Ensar BAŞPINAR, M. Rıfat OKUYAN and Ö. Faruk ALARSLAN
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science-Ankara

This study was conducted to determine the differences between the mean growth rate of suckling lambs nursed by the ewes consuming different rations having different by-pass protein levels in early lactation. 18 cross-bred (Akkaraman x Ille de France, Akkaraman x Border Leichester and Akkaraman x Lincoln) lactating ewes and their lamb or lambs were alloted in two groups and were fed individually. The rations were prepared according to nutrient requirement of the ewes in the early lactation. Dried alfalfa hay was used as roughage in the rations and given to each ewe in equal quantity (1.5 kg/day) and in the concantrate part of the rations two iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenic compound feeds were prepared, soybean meal, fish meal were used as protein sources in these rations. Compound feeds were given to each ewe in variying quantities according to their requirements. The experiment was designed using by unequal cell count in the subgroups that they had 3 dıfferent genotype, 3 age and 3 birth type in the completelely randomized design. At the end of the trial, the effects of the rations on the lamb growth rate in early lactation was found to be not significant.

Key Words : early lactation, growth, lamb, by-pass protein

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1996, 2 (3) 33-38
The Effects of Different Mound Materials and Black Plastic Tunnel on Success of Grafted Grapevine Production by Grafted Cuttings Directly Planted in the Nursery
(Turkish)

Hüseyin ÇELİK, Tolga ARDALI, Hüseyin ÇETİN and Rahime SUCU
Ondokuzmayıs University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture-Samsun

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of different mound materials and black plastic tunnel on the success of the grafted grapevine production by grafted cuttings directly planted into the nursery plots like establishing the vineyard. The single-bud-cuttings taken from Çavuş, Öküzgözü and Hamburg misketi grape cultivarswere bench (omega) grafted onto the Berlandieri x Riparia Kober 5BB, SO4 and Berlandieri x Rupestris 1103P rootstocks. After the grnafted cuttings planted into the nursery plots, they were mounded with thin-and-damp soil or sawdust and covered with black polyethylene plastic (SPÖ) having small holes or not. The system cocsist of "sawdust and perforeted (or not) SPÖ" gave the highest rate of take and sprouting. But the prosperity rate was the highest at the system consist of "soil (or sawdust) and non perporated SPÖ"

Key Words: vinegrafts, plasic tunel, mound material, nursery.

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1996, 2 (3) 39-43
Relationships Among Some Quantitative Traits and Heritablities In Cultivated Oats (Avena sativa L.)
(English)

Halil SÜREK1 and John VALENTINE2
1The Agricultural Research ınstitute-Edirne
2Welsh Plant Breeding Station Pmlas Gogerddan Aberystwth-UK

The objectives of this study were to examine the reltionships among quantitative traits and to estimate their broad sense heritabilities in cultivated oats (Avena sativa L.). Four oat crosses were used in this experiment. Biological yield had the highest correlation with grain yield in all F2 populations, followed by harvest index. Grains Per panicle appeared to be the most useful trait to use in indirect selection for grain yield among yield components in terms of heritability values and correlations with grain yield. Grain yield Per plant significantly and positively associated with groat oil content in two oat populations. The broad sense heritability values of groat oil content ranged from 13 to 77%. Grain ield Per plant had heritability estimates between low and moderate values.

Key Words: broad sense heritability, correlation, oats (Avena sativa L.), quantitative trait.

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1996, 2 (3) 45-50
Composition of Poultry Manure and its Manurial Value
(Turkish)

Ali İNAL1, Sonay SÖZÜDOĞRU1 and Dilara ERDEN2
1Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Ankara
2Ankara University, Kalecik Profession High School-Kalecik/Ankara

Different breeding type and different aged poultry manures from Ankara University Agricultural Faculty of Animal Husbandry Department were undertaken analysis for their composition in total and extractable plant nutrients aspects. According to the results taken from the analysis, poultry manures, whose total and extractable plant nutrient contents are high and their dry matter contents are suitable as animal food additives and substitution for inorganic fertilizers in agricultural production.

Key Words: poultry manure, plant nutrients, available form, extractable, water soluble.

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1996, 2 (3) 51-57
The Evaluation of the Effects of the Tea Waste, Animal Manure and Various Fertilizers
(Turkish)

A. Cihat KÜTÜK, Süleyman TABAN, Burhan KACAR and Halil SAMET
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Ankara

Effectsof the tea waste, manure and various fertilizers on the growth of barley plant grown on the different textured soils have been compared. For this purpose, barley plants were grown in PVC pots filled with loam and clay textured soil under greenhouse conditions. The tea waste and the manure were applied to the experimental soils with 1 ton/da levels. Nitrogen and phosphorus were applied at 8 kg N/da and 4 kg P/da respectively. NP+Fe1 (5 ppm Fe), NP+Fe2 (10 ppm Fe), NP+Zn1 (1 ppm Zn), NP+Zn2 (3 ppm Zn), NP+Cu1 (1 ppm Cu), NP+Cu2 (2 ppm Cu) were applied to the soils before seeding. The effect of the tea waste on dry matter yield of barley plants was occured clearly in the clay textured soil. The effect of the tea waste was not found statistically significant when compared to animal manure and the fertilizers. The highest dry matter yield was obtained from clay soil with the treatment of NP+Zn2. The analysis of variance have shown that the treatments effected significantly on the nitrogen, phosphorus and zinc content of barley plants grown in the loam soil and the nitrogen phosphorus, iron and zinc content of barley plants grown in the clay soils. While the phosphorus content of barley plants decreased the zinc content of barley plants grown in the clay soils. While the phosphorus content of barley plants decreased the zinc contents of barley plant were increased significantly in the application of NP+Zn1 and NP+Zn2 treatments. This was explained with the interaction between zinc and phosphorus.

Key Words: barley, tea waste, chemical fertilizers, nitrogen, phosphorus, iron, zinc, copper.

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1996, 2 (3) 59-61
Light and Friction Specialities of Colours Obtained From Yellow Flowers of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)
(Turkish)

Nilgün BAYRAKTAR and Nuran KAYABAŞI
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy-Ankara

This study was carried out at University of Ankara, Faculty of Agriculture, Collage of Home Economy, Department of Village Hand Craft. Yellow (sterile) flowers of sunflower bred and cultivated at the Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture and undyed (white) 2.5 nm ropes of woolen carpet knot were used. Dying methods with and without mordant were applied and colour distribution, light and friction specialities of colours were investigated.

Key Words: sunflower, sterile flower, dyeing with mordant, dyeing without mordant, woolen carpet rope

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1996, 2 (3) 63-69
The Study on Yield and Yield Component of 12 Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Cultivars
(Turkish)

H. Ahmet YILMAZ and Nilgün BAYRAKTAR
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy-Ankara

This research was carried out in two locations, during in 1993. The aim of this study was determined the adaptaion of 12 new sunflower varieties for yield components and yield in two locations , using randomized complied blok design. The over results showed that in the first location the highest yields were obtained with "Edirne 87", "P-6480" , "Ekiz I" , Basegene ST 117" , "Ekiz II" in the first location were 2685, 2774,2772, 2820 kg / ha respectively while in the second location the highest yield obtained with " Edirne 87" 2236 kg/ha , However 1000 seed weight obtained with " Dekalb TR 3891 " , 85.5 g Şanlıurfa conditions, but in Kahramanmaraş conditions the greatest seed weight was "V 8931" of 71.0 .Wherease the highest oil content was " Dekalb TR 3628 " of 52.2 % in Şanlıurfa , in the second location the highest oil content was 51.2 % " Basegene ST 117 " . From the over result also we found that the highest oil yield "Edirne 87" and "P-6480" was 988 and 977 kg/ha respectively the first location . In the second location the highest oil yield production with "Edirne 87" of 788 kg/ha.

Key Words: sunflower varieties, yield, yield component, oil content, locations

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1996, 2 (3) 71-73
Estimates of Trends Components of Milk Yield of Halstein Cattle Raised at Kahramanmaraş State Farm
(Turkish)

Ali KAYGISIZ
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science-Ankara

The purpose of this study was to determine the trend components of 305 day-2x-mature eqivalent (ME) milk yield of Holstein cattle raised at Kahramanmaraş State Farm. The environmental effect of the phenotypic trend was estimated by using corrected milk records of cows for 2 consecutive years. The environmental change per year was estimated as +200.5 kg/year, by using the records of the cows in two consecutive years, as +284.2 kg/year by evaluating the yields. Considering this value, the genetic change was calculated to be 83.7 kg/year.

Key Words : holstein cattle, milk yield, genetic trend

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1996, 2 (3) 75-81
Right Coast Land Use Planning of Bafra Plain
(Turkish)

Mahmut YÜKSEL and Orhan DENGİZ
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Ankara

The aim of this research was to perform a convenient land-use planning of the right coast of Bafra plain and its vicinity. The research was carried out in field on the examination of aerial photographs, topographic maps and detalied soil map, produced before this work. Then the definition of Land use Types were made for the research area. Based on the soil and climate requeriments of the different Land Use Types, the most suitable fields were determined and mapped. At the same time present problems and the necessary measures were explained for the proper use of proposed land use pattern. Because of in sufficiency of the land capability classification in land Use Planning, the properties and problems of the soil series and their subgroups according to the regional climate, soil environment and social characteristic were determined. The most convenient land-use alternatives for the region are designated and some recommendations in use were offered.

Key Words: land use planning, land evaluation

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1996, 2 (3) 83-89
Left Coast Land Use Planning of Bafra Plain
(Turkish)

Kezban ARPACI and Mahmut YÜKSEL
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Ankara

The aim of this research was to perform a convenient land-use planning of the left coast of Bafra plain and its vicinity. The research was carried out in field on the examination of aerial photographs, topographic maps and detalied soil map, produced before this work. Then the definition of Land use Types were made for the research area. Based on the soil and climate requeriments of the different Land Use Types, the most suitable fields were determined and mapped. At the same time present problems and the necessary measures were explained for the proper use of proposed land use pattern. Because of in sufficiency of the land capability classification in land Use Planning, the properties and problems of the soil series and their subgroups according to the regional climate, soil environment and social characteristic were determined. The most convenient land-use alternatives for the region are designated and some recommendations in use were offered.

Key Words: land use planning, land evaluation

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1996, 2 (3) 91-97
Effects of Irrigation Water Quality and Water Table Depth on Carrot Yield and Soil Salinity (Tur
kish)

A. Zeki ERÖZEL and Ahmet ÖZTÜRK
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Ankara

This study was carried out to determine the effects of irrigation water quality and water table depth on carrot (Daucus carota) yield and soil salinity. The treatments were five different electricl conductivity levels of irrigation water which were T1=0.25 dS/m, T2=1 dS/m, T3=2 dS/m, T4=4 dS/m and T5=6 dS/m and three different water table depths which were D1=45 cm, D2=60 cm and D3=90 cm without water table. As a result, the yield was significantly affected by both irrigation water quality and water table depth. The increase in the electrical conductivity of irrigation water and the appoach to soil surface of water table depth, decreased the carrot yield. The average yields obtained from lysimeters were found as 410.4, 352.1, 288.5, 235.0 and 212.9 g for the water salinity levels of T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5 and 373.1, 3003.0 and 223.2 g for the water table depths of D3, D2 and D1 respectively. Irrigation water quality effected salt accumulation in the soil during the whole growing season. This accumulatin increased when water quality was poor. Salt accumulation in the soil was not significantly effected by water table dept.

Key Words: salinity, water table depth, salinity-yield relations, carrot

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1996, 2 (3) 99-104
Land Use Planning of Çubuk Valley and It"s Surroundings in Ankara Metropolitan Area
(Turkish)

Nuran ÇİNKAYA and Mahmut YÜKSEL
Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Science-Ankara

The objective of this research was to perform a convenient land use planning of Çubuk valley and its vicinity. The research was carried out in field on the examination of aerial photographs, topographic maps and detailed soil map. Produced before this work. Then the definition of Land Use Types were made for the reseacrh area. Based on the sokil and climate requeriments of the different Land Use Types, the most suitable fields were determined and mapped. At the same time present problems and the necessary measures were explained for the proper use of proposed land use pattern.

Key Words: survey, classification, mapping

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