2006, Volume: 12, Number: 3
Contents
TEKELİ, A. ve M. R. OKUYAN, A Research on the Effects of Different Forms of Barley on Fattening Performance of Weaned Kids Abstract Full Text (PDF)
ATAEI, M. Path Analysis of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Yield Abstract Full Text (PDF)
ATAK, M., M. D. KAYA ve C. Y. ÇİFTÇİ, Effect of Seedling Growth on Triticale Cultivars Irradiated with Various Doses of Gamma Radiation Abstract Full Text (PDF)
COŞKAN, A., M. GÖK ve K. DOĞAN, Effects of Tobacco Waste Applications on Burned and Non-Burned Wheat Stubble on Biological N2- Fixation and Yield Abstract Full Text (PDF)
SARIHAN, E. O., A. İPEK, N. ARSLAN ve B. GÜRBÜZ, The Effects of Different Row Spacing and Intra-row Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Oregano (Origanum vulgare var. hirtum) Abstract Full Text (PDF)
ŞAHİN N. ve H. H.GEÇİT, The Effects of Different Fertilizing Methods on Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Abstract Full Text (PDF)
GEÇİT, H. H. ve Ertuğrul ÇAKIR, The Effect of Nitrogen and Irragation on the Yield, Yield Compenents of Durum Wheat (Triticum durum L.) Abstract Full Text (PDF)
NASSERI, A. ve M. R. NEYSHABORI, Estimation of Kostiakov Infiltration Parameters Using Initial Soil Moisture Abstract Full Text (PDF)
YILMAZ, A. ve F. CENGİZ, Change in Age Testis Characteristics and Serume Testosterone Concentration Based on in Norduz Male Lambs Abstract Full Text (PDF)

KAYDAN, D. ve M. YAĞMUR, Effects of Different Salicylic Acid Doses and Treatments on Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Lentil (Lens culinaris Medic) Yield and Yield Components Abstract Full Text (PDF)

UZUNMEHMETOĞLU, B.* ve H. KENDİR, Effects of Winter and Spring Sowings on Grain Yields of Narbon Vetch (Vicia narbonensis L.) Abstract Full Text (PDF)
AY, R. Response of the Two-Spotted Spider Mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) from Protected Vegetables in Antalya (Turkey) to Some Acaricides Abstract Full Text (PDF)
 
 
 

2006, 12 (3) 221-226

A Research on the Effects of Different Forms of Barley on Fattening Performance of Weaned Kids (Turkish)

Ahmet TEKELİ1 ve M. Rifat OKUYAN2
*This study was taken from M.Sc. thesis.
1 Çukurova University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Animal Science-Adana
2 Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Animal Science-Ankara

This research was performed for fixing the effects of different forms of barley on growing performance of weaned kids. Three groups of 15 male Akkeci weaned kids were, 5 kids for per each group, fed with three different forms of barley; whole, crushed and rolled barley forms. In the experiment first group was fed with WB (whole barley), second group was fed with CB ( crushed barley) and the last group was fed with RB (rolled barley). The other compenents of the diets were composed of alfalfa hay, premix of vitamin, premix of mineral and salt (12.19 %CP, 2425.6 ME Kcal/kg). Diets were applied as 2.4% for living and 300 g dry matter for 100 g live weight gain for each animal perday. At the end of the research live weight's for each group were, 31.040, 28.440, 26.260 kg and average live weight gain's per day were 111.9, 96.2, 82.5 g respectively. Although average live weight gain for the group fed with WB, was greater than the other groups, but the differences between groups were found istatisticaly insignificant (P>0.05). Average feed intakes for the groups per day were; 723.2, 631.8, 571.2 g/animal, and feed intakes for one kg of feed utilization were 6.68, 6.84, 7.18 kg respectively. In this situation, it is possible to say that, there is no need to carry out physical process on barley to effect the growing performance of weaned kids.

Key Words : Weaned kids, grow, roll barley, crush barley, whole barley, live weight gain, feed intake, feed utilization










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2006, 12 (3) 227-232
Path Analysis of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Yield
(English)

Manouchehr Ataei
1Seed and Plant Improvement Department East Azarbaijan Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources,Tabriz, Iran

This research was carried out, to determine the correlations among some yield related attributes and their path analysis for 20 advanced lines and cultivar of six-row barleys, in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications for two years. Seventeen attributes include grain yield, flag leaf length, flag leaf width, peduncle length, plant height, grain number in spike, 1000-kernel weight, number of spikes per m2, biological yield, harvest index, days to heading, days to maturity, grain filling period, straw yield, spike length, awn length, and primary seed vigor were measured. A stepwise regression analysis was also applied for grain yield against other attributes. The correlation between the remaining attributes in model was divided into direct and indirect effects by path analysis. The result which was derived from correlation and path analysis indicated that grain number in spike with a direct effect of 0.489** on yield was the most important factor. The direct effect of 1000-kernel weight (0.472**) and number of spike (0.358**) on yield was positive also. Correlation coefficient of grain number in spike, 1000-kernel weight and spike number per m2 with grain yield was r=0.768**, r=0.737**, and r=0.633**, respectively. Because of importance of the grain number in spike effect on yield and its formation in the beginning of growth period, it must be regarded in improving and breeding programs of barley.

Key Words: 1000-kernel weight, spike number per m2, grain numbers in spike, stepwise regression









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2006, 12 (3) 233-238
Effect of Seedling Growth on Triticale Cultivars Irradiated with Various Doses of Gamma Radiation
(Turkish)

Mehmet ATAK1,M. Demir KAYA2, ve Cemalettin Y. ÇİFTÇİ3
Mustafa Kemal University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crups, Antakya-Hatay
2 Ministy of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Sungurlu Country Directorate, Sungurlu- Çorum
3 Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crups - Ankara

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of gamma rays on emergence and seedling growth of triticale during M1 generation. As plant materials, triticale cultivars Karma-2000, Presto and Tatlıcak-97 were irradiated with doses of 0, 50, 100, 200 and 300 Gy gamma radiation obtained from Ce 137. We investigated the effect of gamma radiation on emergence rate (%), emergence vigor (%), first leaf length (cm), shoot length (cm), leaf number (unit/plant), coleoptile length (cm), shoot fresh weight and shoot dry weight (g/plant). Analyses results showed that gamma radiation significantly affected the characters under study. Effects of the treatments on Karma-2000 were the least while it was the highest for Tatlıcak-97. The effect of 300 Gy dose was more severe than the other doses during emergence and seedling growth of triticale. It can be concluded that gamma radiation doses should be determined for each cultivar in triticale to get the generation of new variation sources for breeding programs. The gamma radiation dose of 200 Gy may be used without giving any damage to triticale for mutation breeding.

Key Words: Triticale, cultivars, gamma radiation, emergence, seedling growth






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2006, 12 (3) 239-245
Effects of Tobacco Waste Applications on Burned and Non-Burned Wheat Stubble on Biological N2- Fixation and Yield
(Turkish)

Ali COŞKAN1, Mustafa GÖK2 ve Kemal DOĞAN2
* This sudy was taken from PhD. thesis.
Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Soil Science, Çünür-Isparta
Çukurova University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Soil Science Balcalı-Adana

A two year field experiment at soybean cultivation was undertaken for determining the effects of stubble burning, a widely performed practice in Çukurova Region, along with admixing 0, 5000 and 10000 kg ha-1 tobacco wastes on symbiotic nitrogen fixation, grain yield and biomass production. Results revealed that applications were significantly effective on nitrogen fixation, yield and biomass production. According to overall averages, the highest biomass production of root and shoot were observed at wheat burned and 10000 kg ha-1 tobacco waste applied plot as 830 and 4730 kg ha-1. The highest nitrogen contents at harvest stage were determined in the plot wheat and 5000 kg ha-1 tobacco waste applied (root, 0.87%; shoot, 0.95%). At the end of experiment determined grain yield amounts in first year were higher in the stubble burned plots. No statistical difference was determined between burned and non-burned stubble in the second year. When the variants of tobacco waste applications were compared according to their tobacco rates, the productivity was increased at plots of waste application in both years. The determined highest yield 4520 and 5280 kg ha-1 at stubble burned and non-burned plots in which 10000 kg ha-1 waste was applied in the first and second years, respectively.

Key Words: Stubble burning, tobacco waste, biological N2-fixation, soybean








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2006, 12 (3) 246-251
The Effects of Different Row Spacing and Intra-row Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Oregano (Origanum vulgare var. hirtum)
(Turkish)

Ercüment Osman SARIHAN1, Arif İPEK2, Neşet ARSLAN2 and Bilal GÜRBÜZ2
Mustafa Kemal University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crups, Antakya-Hatay
2Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crups -Ankara


This study was carried out in the experimental fields of the University of Ankara, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, in 2002, 2003 and 2004. Oregano (Origanum vulgare var. hirtum) was used as a material in this study. Cuttings were taken from the plants which were cultivated in nursery of the department of field crops in May of 2002. Cuttings were planted in containers filled with sand for rooting. Rooted plants were transplanted to the field with different spacing between rows and within rows. The experiment was established as split plot in a completely randomized block design with three replications; row spacing (20, 30 and 40 cm) to main plots, intra-row spacing (30, 40, 50 and 60 cm) to sub-plots. Plant height, fresh herb yield (kg/da), dry herb yield (kg/da), drog leaf herb yield (kg/da) and essential oil rate were investigated. According to the results; the highest green herb yield (3084.8 kg/da) and dry herb yield (1492.4 kg/da) were determined in 2004. The row spacing and in-row spacing for Origanum vulgare var. hirtum were determined as 30-50 cm for row spacing and 30 cm for in-row spacing in ecological conditions of Ankara province.

Key Words: Oregano, Origanum vulgare var. hirtum, essential oil, cultivation










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2006, 12 (3) 252-258

The Effects of Different Fertilizing Methods on Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) (Turkish)

Nurdan ŞAHİN1 ve H. Hüseyin GEÇİT1
* This study was taken from M.Sc. thesis.
1Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crups -Ankara

The research was conducted at the Research Farm of the Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ankara in 1998. In the experiment, chickpea cultivars, Eser-87, Akçin-91 and ILC-195 were used in the study. The effects of four different fertilizing methods (I - Placing seed and fertilizer together in sowing depth, II - Placing fertilizer near 5 cm of seed bed in sowing depth, III - Placing fertilizer near 5 cm of seed bed in 10 cm depth and IV - Placing fertilizer below 5 cm of seed bed) on yield components as seed yield per unit area, flowering period, pod setting period, plant height, fertile pod number per plant, seed number per pod, seed yield per plant and harvest index per unit area were determined on the three chickpea cultivars in the randomized complete blocks with split plot and had three reputations in the spring season. Seed yield per unit area, fertile pod number per plant, seed yield per plant and harvest index per unit area increased, flowering period and pod setting period decreased from fertilizing method I through fertilizing method IV in three chickpea cultivars with statistically significant differences. Seed yield per unit area, seed yield per plant and harvest index per unit area were determined between 239.5 - 447.6 g/m2; 8.7 - 13.7 g and 49.1 - 59.0 % respectively. In order to observed characteristics, placing fertilizer below 5 cm of seed bed gave better results than the other methods.

Key Words: Chickpea, fertilizing methods, yield, yield components








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2006, 12 (3) 259-266

The Effect of Nitrogen and Irragation on the Yield, Yield Compenents of Durum Wheat (Triticum durum L.) (Turkish)

H. Hüseyin GEÇİT1 ve Ertuğrul ÇAKIR2
á This sudy was taken from PhD. thesis.
1 Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crups -Ankara
2 Ministy of Agriculture and Rural Affairs - Ankara

The study was conducted at Haymana, Ankara during 1996-97 and 1997-98 to determine the effects of 3 different irrigation times and four fertilization levels of nitrogen on yield of two durum wheat cv. Kunduru 1149 and Berkmen 469. The results showed significant effects on number of plants per unit area, number of fertile spikes per unit area, number of grains per spike, grain yield per spike, and grain yield per unit area on some durum wheat varieties Kunduru-1149 and Berkmen-469. The highest grain yield per unit area in cv. Kunduru -1149 during 1996-97 and 1997-98 was 429 kg/da, and 605 kg/da respectively. Whereas the highest yield for cv Berkmen-469 during 1996-97 was 415 and 482 kg/da respectively.These values were harvested from the treatment of 3 different nitrogen fertilization levels (2 kg/da at sowing + 9 kg/da at booting + 9 kg/da at heading stages) along with similar irrigations. At this treatment were obsreved between number of plants per unit area ranged between 475 - 496, number of fertile spikes ranged between 546 - 600, number of grains ranged between 35.85 - 41.50 and grain yield per spike had range of 2.13-2.54 for Kunduru-1149. Whereas, number of plants per unit area ranged between 415-477,, number of fertile spikes ranged between 521-554, number of grains ranged between 25.73-31.10 and grain yield per spike had range of 1.40-1.55 g for cv. Berkmen-469.

Key Words: Durum wheat, irrigation, nitrogen fertilization, yield components







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2006, 12 (3) 267-276
Estimation of Kostiakov Infiltration Parameters Using Initial Soil Moisture
(English)

Abolfazl NASSERI1 and Mohammad Reza NEYSHABORI2
1 Irrigation and Drainage Division, Agricultural Engineering Research Department, East Azarbaijan Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources, Tabriz- Iran
2 Department of soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Tabriz University, 51664,Tabriz- Iran

The Kostiakov equation was extensively used to estimate furrow infiltration but it is unadjusted for different field conditions. The Kostiakov infiltration parameters (k and a) were therefore developed as a function of initial soil moisture content and irrigation events in current study. The field experiments comprised two types trials. The first was infiltration measuring at 56 sites over the field for the first irrigation event. The second measurements were at the furrows along the same field for five successive irrigation events. Infiltration measurements were taken by blocked furrow infiltrometers. Results showed that the averages of k ranged from 272.84 to 733.991 mlm-1min-a and for a were from 0.614 to 0.815. The parameter a was described as a non-linear function of initial soil moisture content and as a logarithmic function of k. The parameter k was developed as a non-linear function of initial soil moisture and irrigation events. Cumulative infiltration from five successive irrigation events were correlated to each others and according to the results cumulative infiltration from each irrigation event can be predicted from the other previous irrigation events.

Key Words: Infiltration parameters, Kostiakov parameters, Furrow irrigation










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2006, 12 (3) 277-284
Change in Age Testis Characteristics and Serume Testosterone Concentration Based on in Norduz Male Lambs
(Turkish)

Ayhan YILMAZ2 ve Fırat CENGİZ3
1 This research was taken Ph.D thesis and supported by Scientific Project Unit of Yüzüncü Yıl University no 2003-ZF-008.
2. Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Animal Science-Van
3. Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Animal Science-Van

This study was aimed to detect the testis diameter, testis length, scrotum circumference, scrotum length, testis volume, scrotum circumference/live weight ratio from testis characteristics and testosterone concentration in Norduz (variety of Akkaraman) male lambs. The experiment was carried out on 32 male lambs born in the birth season of 2003 at Agricultural Research Center of University of Yüzüncü Yıl. The least squares means for testis diameter, testis length, scrotum circumference, scrotum length, scrotum circumference/live weight ration, testis volume and testosterone concentration in male lambs were found as 4.99±0.09 cm, 10.47±0.16 cm, 25.51±0.37 cm, 16.28±0.28 cm, 0.53±0.004, 324.05±10.97 cm3, 0.319±0.02 kg, 0.051±0.006 kg, 0.223±0.02 kg and 2.42 ng ml-1, respectively. In this study, effect of the environmental factors on testis characteristics and testosterone concentration except for daily age and live weight were different based on reproduction characteristics.

Key Words: Male lambs, Norduz, testis characteristics, testosterone concentration








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2006, 12 (3) 285-293
Effects of Different Salicylic Acid Doses and Treatments on Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) Yield and Yield Components
(Turkish)

Diğdem KAYDAN1 ve Mehmet YAĞMUR1
1Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crups -Van

This research was conducted to determine the effects of different salicylic acid doses (0 mg da-1, 1.281 mg da-1, 128.1 mg da-1, 12.810 g da-1) and treatments (pre-soaked seed and foliar application) on wheat local Tir variety (Triticum aestivum L. ssp vulgare Vill. v. Leucospermum Körn) and lentil (Lens culinaris medic. cv Kayı-91) crops under dryland condition of Van in 2004-05 winter growing season. As results of this study, plant height was affected but, spike number per m2, spike length, grain number per spike, grain weight per spike, thousand grain weights and grain yield was unaffected by salicylic acid treatments in wheat. But salicylic acid doses effected all yield components and grain yield except spike number per m2 and thousand grain weights. The highest grain yield was obtained from 12.810 g da-1 salicylic acid application with 276.58 kg da-1 and grain yield were increased 24.8 % compared to control doses in wheat. In lentil, salicylic acid doses and treatment didn't affected number of plant per m2, plant height and thousand grain weights. The increasing of salicylic acid doses increased number of branches per plant, number of seeds per plant, seed weight per plant and seed yield in lentil. Moreover, different salicylic acid treatments affected branches per plant and number of seed per plant. The highest seed yield was obtained from 12.810 g da-1 salicylic acid doses application with 141.60 kg da-1 and seed yield were increased 35 % compared to control doses in lentil.

Key Words: Salicylic acid, wheat, lentil, seed yield










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2006, 12 (3) 294-300
Effects of Winter and Spring Sowings on Grain Yields of Narbon Vetch (Vicia narbonensis L.)
(Turkish)

Başak UZUNMEHMETOĞLU* and Hayrettin KENDİR1
*This study is summarised from M.Sc. thesis.
1Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Field Crups -Ankara

This research was carried out to determine the effects of winter and spring sowings on seed yield and different plant traits of narbon vetch (Vicia narbonensis L.) lines grown in Ankara conditions. The experiment was conducted in the experimental fields of Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture of Ankara University in a randomised split block design with 3 replicates in the 2002-2003 growing season. Five narbon vetch lines were tested in the experiment. Plots was grown for seed production. Plants were cut when the pods became yellow-brown. According the results, among the winter sown narbon vetch lines and spring sown narbon vetch lines statistically important differences were found in seed yield, harvest index and 1000 seed weight. Among the narbon vetch lines any differences was not detected. In the experimental plots, following figures were obtained: number of brunches between 1.8-2.3, pod number 18.0-20.3, number of seed per pod between 3.67-5.33, seed yield between 61.67-137.67 kg/da, harvest index between 23.47-39.87% and 1000 seed weight between 150.67-238.00 g. For the narbon vetch lines used in this study, winter sowing produced earlier seed harvest, better seed yields than spring sowing.

Key Words: Narbon vetch, winter sowing, spring sowing, seed yield








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2006, 12 (3) 301-306
Response of the Two-Spotted Spider Mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch) from Protected Vegetables in Antalya (Turkey) to Some Acaricides
(Turkish)

Recep AY1
*This research was taken from funded by TUBITAK-TOGTAG Project number 2968.
1Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Plant Protection-Çünür/Isparta

The two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, was tested for susceptibility to various acaricides, propargite (Omite) 570 g/l, abamectin (Agrimec) 18 g/l and amitraz (Kortraz) 200 g/l. Propargite, a selective acaricide, has been used to control T. urticae in many crops in Turkey. Amitraz and abamectin have acaricidal and insecticidal properties and are thus used to control spider mites and some vegetable pests. Different T. urticae populations were collected from vegetable greenhouses in Antalya and their responses to those acaricides were investigated by spray tower - Petri dishes method and compared with those of a susceptible reference strain. Resistance ratios for the chemicals ranged as <1.0 - 2.55 for propargite, 1.07 - 1.82 for abamectin and 1.15 - 34.09 for amitraz (based on LC50).

Key Words: Tetranychus urticae, resistance, acaricide, propargite, abamectin, amitraz









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